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研究生: 陳俊凱
研究生(外文): Chen Jyun-Kai
論文名稱: SMT自動化生產線製造彈性能力評估模式之發展
論文名稱(外文): A Study SMT automated production line manufacturing flexibility in the development of competency assessment model
指導教授: 蔡聰男
學位類別: 碩士
校院名稱: 樹德科技大學
系所名稱: 經營管理研究所
論文出版年: 99
畢業學年度: 98
語文別: 中文
論文頁數: 54
中文關鍵詞: 表面黏著技術製造彈性偏好模糊關係
外文關鍵詞: Surface mount technologymanufacturing flexibilitypreference fuzzy relations
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  近年來隨著科技進步,消費者對於產品要求更形多樣化與嚴苛要求,促使產品生命週期逐漸縮短。消費電子產品的種類日新月異,如智慧型手機、筆記型電腦各項產品皆趨於輕薄短小、功能強大,價格不再只是消費者所要求的重點,故企業對消費者各類需求,須縮短研發時程且具備高度彈性製造能力。而表面黏著製程(Surface mount technology, SMT)為電子組裝(Electronics assembly)之主要製程,SMT生產線常配置多部自動化機台,機台皆有能力與運作速度之分,故SMT彈性生產便成為電子組裝重要彈性來源。有鑑於上述需求,企業無不投入大量人力於生產製造上,以提升顧客滿意度與彈性製造能力用以快速反應瞬息萬變的市場變化。
    本研究運用模糊偏好關係(Fuzzy preference relations, FPR)演算法則,提出一個客觀彈性製造能力評估模式,其中藉由文獻探討與專家意見整理出製程彈性能力(Manufacturing flexibility capability)評選準則,繼而採用模糊問卷表達用以評估彈性準則(八大構面:機器彈性、製程彈性、新產品彈性、途程彈性、生產彈性、擴充彈性、作業彈性、混合生產彈性)之語意式意見,再經由此類語意評比計算各項彈性因子權重,最後經模糊數運算後獲得製程彈性能力評估得分以決定SMT製造彈性能力評估模式。


  In recent years, 3C consumer products have become diversified and innovative that drives a progressively shorter product life-cycle. The products (such as smart phones, PC and laptops), all emphasize on short, light and powerful, therefore the types of consumer electronics products are rapidly changing. Surface mount assembly usually installs several types of machines and their functions are different and limited. To meet the diversity of consumer demand, R&D development schedule must be shortened and the manufacturing process must have a flexible scheme. In view of the above needs, the manufacturers have invested a lot of effort in upgrading the manufacturing flexibility into in order to quickly response the rapidly changing market and the customer requirements.
  This work employs fuzzy preference relation algorithm to develop a manufacturing flexibility assessment model. We reviewed the literature with respect to manufacturing flexibility and consult with experts to select the key flexibility criteria, followed by a questionnaire to capture experts’ opinions on fuzzy evaluation criteria (such as machine flexibility, process flexibility, new product flexibility, routing flexibility, production flexibility, expansion flexibility, operation flexibility, mixed production elasticity) through semantic comments. These semantic appraisals of the elasticity of factor weights are then calculated through to determine SMT manufacturing flexibility capability.


目錄
中文摘要  i
英文摘要  ii
誌  謝  iii
目錄  iv
表目錄  v
圖目錄  vii
第一章  緒論  1
第一節 研究背景與動機  1
第二節 研究目的  1
第三節 研究流程  2
第二章  文獻探討  4
第一節 表面黏著組裝  4
第二節 製造彈性能力之定義  5
第三節 環境的不確定性  6
第四節 製造彈性的分類  7
第五節 模糊理論  10
第六節 語意變數  12
第七節 模糊偏好關係  13
第三章  研究方法  18
第一節 研究架構  18
第二節 研究對象  21
第四章  實證研究  24
第一節 問題背景分析  24
第二節 實例探討  25
第三節 結果分析  31
第五章  結論  33
文獻探討  35
附錄一 問卷調查表  38
附件二  各類型彈性計算過程  44



一、中文部份
1.張世佳(1995),製造策略與事業策略之配適分析─高科技廠商之實證研究,國立台灣大學商學研究所博士論文。
2.張世佳、林如貞(2008),「廠商策略導向與製造彈性能力、事業績效之概念性關係模式探討」,北商學報,第7期,頁21-34。 張世佳、林能白(2001),環境因素不確定性對製造彈性能力之影響關係研究-以台灣資訊產業為例,中山管理評論9(1):111-133。
3.張世傑(2005),製造流程委外加工之代工廠能力研究及績效評估,元智大學工業工程與管理學系所碩士論文。
4.楊振隆(2002),製造彈性能力與產品策略配適關係之實證研究,中華大學科技管理研究所博士論文。
5.褚先忠(2002),語意環境下製造談性評估之研究,國立台灣科技大學工業管理系所博士論文。
6.鄭春發(2009),環境不確定性與製造彈性需求之研究-以食品公司冷藏飲料線為例,國立虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文。
二、英文部分
1.Browne, J., Dubois, D., Rathmill, K., Sethi, S.P., Stecke,K.E.,“Classification offlexible manufacturing systems,”The FMS Magazine2(2),pp.114-117(1984).
2.Buzacott, J.A. (1982), "Principles of flexibility in manufacturing systems", Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Flexible Manufacturing Systems, .
3.E. Herrera-Viedma, F. Herrera, F. Chiclana and M. Luque, Some issues on consistency of fuzzy preference relations . European Journal of Operational Research, Volume 154, Issue 1, 1 April 2004, Pages 98-109.
4.F. Chiclana, F. Herrera and E. Herrera-Viedma, Incorporating filtering techniques in a fuzzy linguistic multi-agent model for information gathering on the web . Fuzzy Sets and Systems,Volume 122, Issue 2, 1 September 2001, Pages 277-291 .
5.Frazelle, E. H.,“Flexibility:”A strategic response in changing times”,Industrial Engineering, March,pp.24-32(1986).
6.Gerwin, D.,“An agenda for research on the flexibility of manufacturing processes,” International Journal of Operations and production management 7,pp.38-49(1987).
7.Gerwin, Donald(1993),“Manufacturing Flexibility:A Strategic Perspective, Management Science, vol.39,No.4,pp.395-410.”
8.Herrera, V.E., Herrera, F.,Chiclana, F. and M. Luque(2004), Some Issues on Consistency of Fuzzy Preference Relations, European Journal of Operational Research, 154, 98-109.
9.Kim, C.,“issues of manufacturing flexibility,”Integrated Manufacturing Systems 2(2),pp4-13(1991).
10.Olhager,J.,“Time-Based Manffacturing Flexibility,”In 1992 conference Proceedings,American Production & Control Society, pp.94-97(1993).
11.Saaty, T.L., 1980, The Analytic Hierarchy Process, McGraw-Hill, New York.
12.Sethi, A.K., and S. P. Sethi,(1990)“Flexibility in Manufacturing:A Survery,” International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems,2(4),289-328.
13.Slack, J., McMahan, C. J., Waugh, S., Schooley, K., Spriggs,M. K., Sims, J. E. & Dower, S. K. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268,2513-2524.
14.Upton, D. M.,“The management of manufacturing flexibility,”California Management Review 36(2),pp.72-89(1994).
15.Zadeh, L. A.(1975), The concept of a linguistic variable and is application to approximate reasoning, Information Sicences, Part 1:8,pp.19.
16.Zadeh, L. A., 1975, The concept of a linguistic variable and its application to approximate reasoning, Information Sciences, Vol. 8, pp.199-249.
17.Zelenovic, D.M.,“Flexibility:A condition for effective production systems,” International Journal of Production Research 20(3),pp.319-337(1982).
18.Wang and Chang, 2006 Wang, T.-C. & Chang, T.-H. (2006). Forecasting the probability of successful knowledge management by consistent fuzzy preference relations,Volume 32, Issue 3, April 2007, Pages 801-813.


 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
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