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研究生: 張介星
研究生(外文): Chieh-Hsing Chang
論文名稱: 探討家暴認知與家暴處理態度對執勤行為之影響
論文名稱(外文): Investigating the Influence of Domestic Violence Awareness and Attitudes of Policemen on Their Working Behaviors
指導教授: 朱惠琴
指導教授(外文): Hui–Chin Chu
學位類別: 碩士
校院名稱: 樹德科技大學
系所名稱: 經營管理研究所
論文出版年: 99
畢業學年度: 98
語文別: 中文
論文頁數: 173
中文關鍵詞: 家庭暴力家暴認知處理態度執勤行為
外文關鍵詞: domestic violencecognition of domestic violence
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本研究主要以警察處理家庭暴力案件為主要研究主軸,其中除了法律的規範外,中國人常以情、理、法來看待家庭暴力案件,其實背後總隱藏著許多法律無法真正解決的問題。近年來由於經濟變動,加上引進外籍新娘而造成社會結構的改變,使得警務人員在執勤時面臨更劇烈的挑戰。在法理不相融、國際新家庭的社會結構改變下,警務人員如何處理該類案件,變得非常重要。
本研究採取量化研究,以高雄縣警察為主要研究對象,以「家庭暴力認知」、「處理態度」、「執勤行為」三者為研究構面,藉以釐清警察對於家庭暴力認知的模式形貌,是否干擾處理態度對執勤之行為。根據公式從母體總數2926人求得最低有效份數為385份問卷,因此本研究發放513份問卷做為正式分析樣本的抽樣,有效回收率87.5%(449份)。研究發現警察對於家庭暴力案件處理態度會因個人背景之不同而有差異存在,亦即男女警員在處理該類案件態度上有顯著差異;而執勤行為也會因個人背景變項之不同而有差異存在,並且不同的年齡與年資亦影響警員在執勤行為模式,較資淺或年輕之員警對於勤務上方法採較為積極。警察之「家庭暴力認知」與「家庭暴力處理態度」對執勤行為有影響。


This research focused on how the police dealt with domestic violence cases. Apart from the provisions of law, Chinese people traditionally judged domestic violence cases by the sequence of sentiment, reason and law; therefore, there were many underlying complications that cannot entirely be resolved by law. Due to the economic changes and the immigration of foreign spouses in recent years, the entire social structure had altered and made it more challenging for the police officers when they were dealing with domestic violence cases. It became more important how the police officers deal with such cases under the circumstances of the disharmony between law and reason and the changed social structure caused by international marriages.
A quantitative research was adopted for investigating the relationships among three constructs including the cognition of domestic violence, the dealing attitudes, and the on-duty behaviors when the police officers dealt with such cases. The subjects were the police officers in Kaohsiung County. Five hundred and thirteen questionnaires were distributed with a valid return rate of 87.5% ( four hundered and forty nine questionnaires). It was found that the police officers’ attitudes to deal with domestic violence cases varied with different demographic variables. There was a difference between female and male officers when they were dealing with the cases. On-duty behaviors were also found to be varied with different age groups and seniorities. Younger officers adopted more active measures when they were on duty. The police officers’ cognition of domestic violence interfered with their attitudes and their on-duty behaviors in dealing with such cases.


摘 要  i
Abstract  ii
謝  誌  iv
目  錄  v
表目錄  viii
圖目錄  xi
一、緒 論  1
  1.1研究背景與動機  1
  1.2研究目的  4
  1.3名詞釋義  6
  1.4研究範圍與對象  7
  1.5研究流程  8
二、文獻探討  10
  2.1家庭暴力之定義  10
  2.2家庭暴力相關法律  26
  2.3警察在防治家庭暴力工作上之角色與功能  37
  2.4警察對家庭暴力之認知  55
  2.5警察對家庭暴力案件之處理態度  57
  2.6「認知」與「態度」之相關  59
  2.7 執勤行為之分析  61



三、研究方法  65
  3.1研究架構  65
  3.2研究假設  66
  3.3研究設計  68
  3.4研究程序  74
  3.5資料分析  77
四、資料處理與統計分析  79
  4.1效度與信度分析  79
  4.2研究分析成果  89
  4.2.1警務人員基本資料分析  89
  4.2.2警務人員對家庭暴力認知之分析  93
  4.2.3警務人員對家暴處理態度之分析  99
  4.2.4警務人員對家暴案執勤行為之分析  103
  4.3警務人員基本變項與各變數之差異分析  110
  4.3.1警務人員基本變項與家暴認知之差異分析  110
  4.3.2 警務人員基本變項與家暴案處理態度之差異分析  117
  4.3.3 警務人員基本變項與家暴案執勤行為之差異分析  124
  4.4 警務人員家暴認知與家暴案處理態度之相關分析  132
  4.5警務人員之家暴處理態度與執勤行為之相關分析  136
  4.6 家暴認知與處理態度對執勤行為之迴歸分析  140




五、結論與建議  147
  5.1 分析與討論  147
  5.2 建議  152
  5.3後續研究之建議  153
  5.4 研究限制  154
參考文獻  155
附件、研究問卷  164



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參考網站
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