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研究生: 王秀惠
研究生(外文): Hsiuhui Wang
論文名稱: 台灣南部地區有偶老年人性親密及其相關因素探討
論文名稱(外文): Sexual Intimacy and Related Factors among Coupled Elderly People in Southern Taiwan
指導教授: 馬長齡
指導教授(外文): Chunlin Mar
學位類別: 碩士
校院名稱: 樹德科技大學
系所名稱: 人類性學研究所
論文出版年: 2005
畢業學年度: 93
語文別: 中文
論文頁數: 194
中文關鍵詞: 有偶老年人婚姻滿意度性知識性態度性親密
外文關鍵詞: The coupled elderly peoplemarriage satisfactionsexual knowledgesexual attitudesexual intimacy
相關次數:
  • 被引用:6
  • 點閱:94
  • 評分:*****
  • 下載:27
  • 書目收藏:0
摘要
          本研究目的在探討台灣南部地區有偶老年人性親密及可能影響之相關因素,其中包括社會人口學變項、婚姻滿意度、性知識、性態度等。本研究採取立意取樣方式,以半結構式問卷訪談南部某些縣市長青學苑及社區老人活動中心參與活動老人,共有242位65歲以上的老人同意受訪,其中92人(46對)為配偶/伴侶。所得有效資料以描述性統計、t考驗、配對t考驗、卡方考驗、單因子變異數分析、皮爾遜積差相關及逐步迴歸等方法進行資料分析。
          本研究發現,社會人口學變項與婚姻滿意度、性知識、性態度、性親密等各有不同的相關與差異。其中(1)婚姻滿意度愈高則愈常出現性親密行為;(2)性知識愈高則愈常出現性親密行為;(3)性知識愈高則性態度愈正向;(4)性態度愈正向則愈常出現性親密行為;(5)目前仍有性交行為的老年人比目前沒有性交行為的老年人更常出現性親密行為;(6)性態度、與誰同床、婚姻滿意度、配偶/伴侶的身體狀況、性知識、配偶/伴侶的年齡等變項對性親密具有預測力;(7)配對受訪者丈夫的年齡、教育程度、婚姻滿意度、性知識、性態度皆高於妻子,且丈夫比妻子有更高的性交行為慾望、較滿意目前的性交行為並認為目前的性行為對自己的老年生活較重要。開放式問題訪談發現研究對象(1)對於非性交行為身體親密的感覺以喜歡非性交行為的身體接觸最多,其中最喜歡的是撫摸配偶/伴侶、其次是擁抱配偶/伴侶,回答不喜歡非性交行為身體接觸的人中,最不喜歡做的是親吻與觸摸配偶/伴侶的外生殖器官;(2)對自己老年期性交行為認為性交行為對健康有益,但次數要有所節制,現在性交行為比年輕時少最多見;(3)女性常出現的性問題主要是陰道分泌物減少或完全沒有,有些人因此而有性交行為疼痛的現象;男性方面在性行為中陰莖勃起無法持久,其中以勃起較快消退佔最多,其次是性行為中陰莖無法完全勃起、硬度稍嫌不夠;(4)性交行為的性親密以陰莖插入的感覺較好,當不能性交行為時與配偶/伴侶有彼此的身體接觸也很好。
          關鍵詞:有偶老年人、婚姻滿意度、性知識、性態度、性親密。
ABSTRACT
          The purpose of this study is to discuss the sexual intimacy of elderly people with their partners and its relative factors in southern Taiwan. 242 elderly people aged over 65 were interviewed, among whom 92 are couples. A half-constructed questionnaire was implemented by the researcher to those volunteers who are members of senior citizen centers. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, pair t-test, Chi-squire test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson-correlation and stepwise multiple regression.
          The study showed that social demographic status is related to marriage satisfaction, sexual knowledge, sexual attitude and sexual intimacy. Sexual knowledge is positively correlated to sexual intimacy and sexual attitudes. Sexual intimacy of elder couple who still have sexual intercourse is higher than those who are inactive. Sexual attitude, bed sharing, marital satisfaction, sexual knowledge, health condition and age of their partner are predictors to sexual intimacy. Husbands of the paired interviewees rank higher than their wives on age, education degree, marital satisfaction, sexual knowledge and sexual attitude. They are more willing to have intercourse, satisfying with their present sexual behavior than their wives, and considered intercourse is important for their age.
          The majority of the interviewees enjoy the feelings of body intimacy more than intercourse. Most of them like touching their partner most and embracing their partner stand the second place. Those without sexual life are extremely unwilling to kiss and touch their couple’s genital organs. Most of the subjects believed that sexual intercourse at their age is good for their health but should have a limited frequency. Almost all of them considered continued sexual activity indicative of a healthy relationship. The frequency of intercourse declined with age. The sexual problems appear primarily in female interviewees as vaginal secretion is decreased or completely lost. Some of them even have experienced dyspareunia as a result of above reasons. Most of the male interviewees who reported experiencing impotence have difficulty either erect or erectile decline suddenly. The second problem is the penis cannot be fully erected during sexual intercourse. Most of the interviewees still prefer to have penis penetration, but it is fine to have body intimacy while unable to have sexual intercourse.
          Key words:The coupled elderly people, marriage satisfaction,
          sexual knowledge, sexual attitude, sexual intimacy.
目錄
          中文摘要----------------------------------------------- ⅰ
          英文摘要----------------------------------------------- ⅲ
          誌謝--------------------------------------------------- ⅴ
          目錄--------------------------------------------------- ⅵ
          表目錄------------------------------------------------- ⅷ
          圖目錄------------------------------------------------- ⅺ
          第一章緒論
          第一節:研究背景與動機-------------------------------- 1
          第二節:研究目的-------------------------------------- 4
          第三節:研究假設-------------------------------------- 5
          第四節:名詞界定-------------------------------------- 6
          第二章文獻探討
          第一節:性對老年人的重要性---------------------------- 7
          第二節:老年人的性生理變化---------------------------- 9
          第三節:婚姻滿意度------------------------------------ 13
          第四節:性親密---------------------------------------- 14
          第五節:老年人『性』相關研究現況---------------------- 17
          第六節:影響性親密的相關因素-------------------------- 24
          第三章研究方法
          第一節:研究架構-------------------------------------- 28
          第二節:研究對象-------------------------------------- 29
          第三節:研究工具-------------------------------------- 30
          第四節:研究工具信、效度------------------------------- 33
          第五節:倫理考量-------------------------------------- 35
          第六節:研究步驟-------------------------------------- 36
          第七節:資料分析-------------------------------------- 38
          第四章研究結果
          第一節:社會人口學之分析------------------------------ 40
          第二節:婚姻滿意度之分析------------------------------ 45
          第三節:性知識之分析---------------------------------- 52
          第四節:性知識與性態度之關係分析---------------------- 59
          第五節:性態度之分析---------------------------------- 61
          第六節:性親密之分析---------------------------------- 71
          第七節:性親密預測因子之分析-------------------------- 92
          第八節:配對受訪者之分析------------------------------ 94
          第九節:訪談結果之分析-------------------------------- 111
          第五章討論與結論
          第一節:研究結果之討論 123
          第二節:結論 147
          第三節:建議 152
          第四節:研究限制 155
          參考文獻
          中文部分--------------------------------------------- 157
          英文部分--------------------------------------------- 160
          附錄
          附錄一:研究工具使用同意書---------------------------- 169
          附錄二:專家效度名單---------------------------------- 171
          附錄三:研究同意書------------------------------------ 172
          附錄四:問卷調查表------------------------------------ 173
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