In recent years, all the traditional buildings of historic and worthy of investigation has reached a considerable literature. However, in the field of Historic Preservation to maintain, must be explored is that ontology structural damage to buildings, walls painted materials, maintenance, weathering and detail the situation. Therefore, its use of repair materials will affect the long-term follow-up to historic preservation issues. In the current restoration of monuments, in addition to the directness of replacing a damaged wall, structure, painted outside portion, less for direction from the physical environment of started studying, and surface damage, peeling paint or surface of the wooden structure Oxidation of materials related phenomenon of study. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to indoor thermal environmental impact caused by factors of and Monuments follow-up of preservation proposed raise, through scientific testing instruments arising from the numerical computer simulation and spatial analysis research and monuments damaged because required by the various proceed Discussion. On the space temperature and humidity and the whole building structure on the relative relationship, the temperature and humidity field distribution conditions can clearly understand, obviously damage the wood structure with high humidity, the relative relationship. Body due to age-old architectural impact, directly reflected in the overall environmental factors, such as climate change communication between summer and winter, indoor ventilation, tourists and so on. However, in addition to a long wooden frame in a high humidity environment, the result of the serious situation of water seepage in the roof timber structure leading to accelerated damage caused by corrosion.