Down syndrome is mainly a disease caused by the defection of 21st pair of chromosome. The Down Syndrome children will often follow the intellectual obstacle and fatting problems, the restriction that the child’s congenital health of disease will be developed of Down Syndrome children in addition, with lack the chance of great muscle exercise, causes poor physical fitness. This research designs a set of Treadmill training that is simple, convenient and safely. Probing the heartbeat, breathes, muscle strength, muscle endurance and body fat into Down Syndrome children after accepting this train. Research this within 12 of four to six years old, serious degrees of intelligence obstacle develop Down Syndrome children and call them the research object. Divide them into six children as experimental group and six of them as control group. The experimental group carries the Treadmill training for three days a week, at 25 minutes per day and lasts ten weeks, the intensity of movement lies between the law of keeping [(The Maximum heartbeat rate −Resting heartbeat rate) *55 %−64% + Resting heartbeat rate]. Control group will carry on the activities as usual.
12 children are measured cardiopulmonary function, physical fitness and body fat tests before the training, after 6 weeks and 10 weeks with the experiment goes. The result shows the training carry on the experimental group improve a lot on the heartbeat time per minutes, breath time per minutes, Bent Knee Sit-Ups, 10-meter shuttle step, and standing board jump are all superior to the control group. The result shows no obvious improve on the body fat, however, on two of the over-weighted or obesity children shows great improvement on their BMI.
The result shows the Down syndrome children improve a lot on their cardiopulmonary function, body fitness and BMI on over-weighted children after 10 weeks of Treadmill training. Confirm at the same time too by interview of parents, Down syndrome children can in good physical fitness if participation in early stage program and parents can be in accompany with children engaged in the physical stamina activity, or children themselves are engaged in body activity. The physical fitness will be well developed, as well as the cardiopulmonary function, muscular strength, and muscular endurance.
This thesis suggests , special educators, parents , preschool teacher of Down syndrome children, if can utilize and combine the simple and convenient , safe Treadmill training in daily life , their physical stamina state of disease children and physiological function will be helpful to them.