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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.stu.edu.tw:80/ir/handle/310903100/753

Title: 身心障礙幼兒母親處理親子衝突因應策略之研究
A Study on the Coping Strategies by Mothers of Preschool Children with Disabilities to Deal with Parent-Child Conflict
Authors: 張淑麗
Shu-Li Chang
Contributors: 林月仙
Yueh-Hsien Lin
幼兒保育學系
Keywords: 身心障礙幼兒母親;親子衝突;因應策略
mother of preschool children with disabilities;parent-child conflict;coping strategy
Date: 2005
Issue Date: 2011-05-23 16:35:09 (UTC+8)
Publisher: 高雄市:[樹德科技大學幼兒保育學系]
Abstract: 本研究旨在探討身心障礙幼兒母親處理親子衝突之因應策略。採調查研究法為主,訪談為輔,以台南縣市、高雄市縣及屏東縣公私立幼兒園所、特殊教養機構(學校)領有身心障礙手冊之智能障礙、聽語障礙、自閉症、多重障礙以及無身心障礙手冊,但有醫師診斷證明為發展遲緩三歲至六歲的幼兒母親為研究對象。在量化調查研究中正式樣本為 164 人,質性訪談研究樣本為5人。使用的研究工具為研究者編製的「親子衝突因應量表」。所得資料以描述性統計、單因子重複量數變異數分析以及多變項變異數分析等方法進行資料分析。本研究的主要發現如下:
一、身心障礙幼兒母親處理親子衝突因應策略由多至少依序為「合作」、「妥協」、
「強迫」、「順應」、「逃避」。
二、不同障礙類型的幼兒母親在十五種衝突情境中,只有在穿衣和購物兩種情境
的因應策略分數達顯著差異。穿衣衝突情境中發展遲緩幼兒母親採「順應」
策略的得分顯著高於聽語障礙幼兒母親和多重障礙幼兒母親。在處理購物
衝突情境下,發展遲緩幼兒母親使用「強迫」策略得分顯著高於多重障礙幼兒母親。
三、不同背景變項的身心障礙幼兒母親,只有不同婚姻狀況的身心障礙幼兒母親
在因應策略的得分平均數差異達顯著差異。單親的幼兒母親採「逃避」策略得分顯
著高於雙親的幼兒母親。至於不同職業狀態、年齡、教育程度、子女數及其幼兒性
別等背景變項的身心障礙幼兒母親在五種因應策略的得分差異則未達顯著水準。
The purpose of the study was to find out how mothers of preschool children with disabilities to deal with parent-child conflict by using quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Samples were those mothers whose preschool children with disabilities, such as mental retardation, multi-handicapped, hard-of-hearing and speech impaired, autism, or via doctor’s diagnosis approve as development retarded from three to six. The quantitative sample size was 164 and qualitative samples size was 5. The questionnaire “the Inventory of Mother’s Coping Strategies of Parent-Child Conflict” was developed by the author and using quantitative data analyzed and repeated measures ANOVA and MANOVA by SPSS 10.5 as data analysis tools.
The major findings were as follows:
1. Mothers of preschool children with disabilities had significant differences when they deal with parent-child conflict. The cooperative strategy was used most. The compromising, forcing and accommodating strategies were in line with next.
The least used strategy was avoiding strategy.
2. Mothers’ coping strategy of different type of disabled children only had significant differences in two parent-child conflict situations such as “dressing” and “shopping”. In “dressing” conflict situation, the development retarded children’s mothers significantly used accommodating strategy more than mothers of hard-of-hearing & speech impaired and multi-handicapped. In “shopping” conflict situation, the development retarded children’s mothers also significantly used forcing strategy more than mothers of multi-handicapped.
3. Mothers of different marriage status showed significant differences while dealing with parent-child conflict. Single-parent mothers used avoiding strategy more than other mothers. Mothers with other variables such as vocation, age, education, child number and child gender showed no significant difference on these 5 coping
strategies of parent-child conflict
Appears in Collections:[兒童與家庭服務系(所)] 博碩士論文

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