Effects of Play-based Science program on children’s creativity
The purpose of this study was based on Dr. Chen (1989) model of ATDE,
designed a play-based science program for young children，and investigated the effectiveness of which improving young children’s creativity after 12weeks experiment teaching.
This study was adopted nonequivalent controlgroup design by
quasi-experimental designs. The subjects of this study came from kindergartens in Kaoshiung city and selected by purposive sampling method. Thirty children as an experimental group received a playbased
science program for 12 weeks；
Twenty-four children were in control group and receive regular creativity teaching through lecture. The instruments included New Creativity Test and Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, Figural B (TTCT), and CAP / Williams
Scale to collect data. The data were analyzed by oneway
ANCOVA and used effect size to evaluate the effectiveness of fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration. The results were following:
1. In New Creativity Test the children from experimental group had better performance in “picture flexibility” and “picture elaboration” than control group, and reached statistical significant difference. However, there were no differences among “picture fluency” and “picture originality”. In effect size of creativity, experimental group had higher effect size than control group in
every item (fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration).
2. In Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, Figural B (TTCT), the children from experimental group performed better in “picture elaboration” than control group, and reached statistical significant difference. There were no differences among “picture fluency”, “picture flexibility”, and “picture
originality”. In effect size of creativity, experimental group had higher effect size than control group in “picture fluency”, “picture originality”, and
3. In CAP / Williams Scale, there were significant differences on “curious” between experimental group and control group.
Finally, the result of this study can be taken as reference for kindergarten teachers, parents, norm instrument designed, and future researches.
Key word: young children, children creativity, playbased science, creativity teaching