The purposes of this study are to explore the kindergarten teachers' sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, professional sexual role behavior in order to find out the relation among them and to analyze whether age, marital status, teaching classes, teaching years, educational background, teaching experience of children’s sex education have any influence on teachers' sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes and professional sexual role behavior. And find out about kindergarten teachers' demands for the sex education in-service training.
By cluster sampling of teachers in public and private kindergarten schools legally registered in Kaohsiung City, a total of 384 questionnaires are sent out, and 268 valid questionnaires are collected. The data are processed through statistical analysis and the important conclusions are made as follows:
1. Kindergarten teachers’ sexual knowledge is not very sufficient. The ratio of correct answers is 70.52%. Teachers’ sexual knowledge needs strengthening, especially the knowledge about human development and reproduction.
2. Kindergarten teachers tend to have positive sexual attitudes. However, their attitudes toward topics such as taking baths together with the opposite-sex children and talking about spouses’ intimate relations with children are quite conservative.
3. The main sexual question found among children is playing and acting out games related to family life situations. As to children’s sex-related behaviors, most teachers can handle them either publicly or individually.
4. Kindergarten teachers’ sexual knowledge does not vary by age, marital status, teaching classes, teaching years, educational background, and teaching experience of children’s sex education. The sexual attitudes of the kindergarten teachers vary by ages. Nevertheless, significant differences are found in professional sexual role behavior because of age and teaching years.
5. Over 92% of kindergarten teachers are willing to participate in in-service training of sex education. They hope to join one-day lectures held during the semester by taking an official leave of absence. Their favorite lecture topics are: How to Proceed with Sex Education for Children in Kindergarten Schools, Safe Sex for Children: Sexual Violation Prevention, Privacy and Body Protection, Children’s Sexual Curiosity, Sexual Interests and Treatment Methods, Communication between Parents and Children, and How to Proceed with Sex Education for Children at Home.
6. Teachers’ willingness to take part in in-service training of sex education does not vary by age, marital status, teaching classes, teaching years, educational background, and teaching experience of sex education for children.
7. There is a significant positive correlation between sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes. No correlation between sexual knowledge and professional sexual role behavior is found. Besides, a very small positive correlation between sexual attitudes and professional sexual role behavior is shown.
These research results can be taken as references for relevant organizations in planning the training programs of sex education for kindergarten teachers and in implementing children's sex education in kindergarten schools. Besides, they can also provide suggestions for further research.