Taiwan Sugar Corporation (TSC) has large tract of agricultural land. Over the past years, it has not only conducted business of granulated sugar and byproducts, but also has provided support to finance and land to the country in due time when the country was implementing various economic and construction policies at all stages, thus exerted enormous contribution to the development of the country’s economy. In response to the upsurge of economic liberalization since 1981, a vast scale of reform on Taiwan’s agriculture and sugar industry has been brought about. In order to cope with rapid decline of sugar industry in Taiwan, the Ministry of Economic Affairs authorized TSC to “Selecting proper land sections for development of tourism undertakings and for utility of construction undertaking to coordinate with urban planning”, revised ”Procedure for trading and exchanging land of government-owned enterprises”, and added “Land of government-owned enterprises planned for development, approved by Executive Yuan, and developed according to the said plan may be sold”, which allowed TSC to release private land. At that moment, TSC focused on the issues of expropriating and selling land as policy of release. That was the reason TSC being doubted selling family property for the purpose of prettify the accounts.
However Council for Economic Planning and Development, Executive Yuan, promoted “Project for Six-Year National Construction” to extensively reallocate overall resource of our country in 1991. Large-scale public infrastructure required not only sufficient financial budget but also needed to encourage private participation and investment more actively. This Project planned to use 8,822 hectares of TSC’s land. Under such developmental context, only an analysis on “Overall Planning and Utility of TSC’s Land Resource” could identify agricultural land which had lower productivity, and could coordinate land development project, area plan, major national economic development project, and local development to proceed the strategic planning of land development, in order to provide large amount of land for national construction, as well as create the opportunity for sustainable management in accordance with national policy, so as to form good image for the company.
In recent years, privatization of government-owned enterprises presenting poor performance has displayed a trend in many countries. Nevertheless, TSC’s land disposal primarily aimed on implementing the goal of national policy. The country was the policy maker, and TSC was the policy executor. In other words, the country exploited TSC’s land resource based on policy to subsidize enterprises for their cost of land usage, which turned TSC’s land into policy tool to play the role of attracting capital investment. TSC’s land creating business income was mainly under Kaohsiung District Office. Therefore, this Office had many problems in land management. And now as Kaohsiung City and County consolidated on December 25, 2010, which led to increase in hinterland for the newly formed Kaohsiung Municipality. Due to the requirement of a balance in local development, the overall planning for the land of Kaohsiung Municipality will emerge some changes. How to separate the city and the industry has become a critical issue for the new municipal government. Since about 5,400 hectares out of the land managed by the Kaohsiung District Office is not located in the urban, expansion of industry has become to a must. As a result, TSC’s land which has not been developed or used after urban readjustment and has been returned from zone appropriation will incur huge amount of land tax and irregular cost for land management and maintenance. It is an important issue for Kaohsiung District Office in solving the problem lying in land management and utility in order to create maximum performance and comply with the requirement of economic development without wasting land resource.
Through literature review and data collection and investigation, this study tried to figure out TSC’s historical policies on land from history which were implemented and from literatures, problems of land management occurred due to its land released to targeted authority for the purpose of fostering the industry under its competence, and whether such problems of control would last. On the other hand, this study also figured out the correlation of spatial development between the overall planning proposed by Kaohsiung Government after city-county consolidation and land management of Kaohsiung District Office, the problems occurred before and after city-county consolidation through analysis, and illustrated the problems TSC had in management and utility due to city-county consolidation by way of case study.