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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.stu.edu.tw:80/ir/handle/310903100/3004

Title: 天然紫膠色素染髮劑之配方研究
Formulation Study of Natural Hair Dye with Lac
Authors: 簡富美
Fu -Mei Chien
Contributors: 應用設計研究所
陳崇裕(Chon-Yu Chen )
Keywords: 紫膠,染髮劑,天然色素
lac, hair dye, natural dyes
Date: 2012
Issue Date: 2012-12-11 15:16:31 (UTC+8)
Publisher: 高雄市:[樹德科技大學應用設計研究所]
Abstract: 天然色素染髮劑是未來染髮市場的趨勢。本研究探討不同方式之紫膠色素萃取方法,探究紫膠色素萃取率。經過配色配方實驗、媒染配方實驗,找出較佳配色和媒染配方,並以水洗測試探討染色效果之堅牢度,進行紫膠色素染髮劑之有效性評估,最後進行白髮染色及過敏性評估。實驗結果發現紫膠色素萃取率以超音波萃取法(以水為溶劑)較高,色素萃取率為0.25%。紫膠色素含量測定以去膠色素(95%乙醇去膠,再以水為溶劑之超音波萃取法)較高,數值為3.401%。配色配方實驗以C4配方(紫膠2.5%+蘇木2.5%+三仙膠1.5%+純水93.5%)為較佳配方。媒染配方實驗以AM3配方(紫膠2.5%+蘇木2.5%+硫酸亞鐵1%+三仙膠1.5%+純水92.5%)為較佳媒染配方。染色效果之水洗堅牢度以AM3配方(紫膠2.5%+蘇木2.5%+硫酸亞鐵1%+三仙膠1.5%+純水92.5%)較好。漂色髮染色滲透性評估,以AM3配方之色素滲透情形較佳。白髮染色效果以C4配方(紫膠2.5%+蘇木2.5%+三仙膠1.5%+純水93.5%)的白髮染色效果較好,髮色呈現黃色。白髮染色三次水洗堅牢度以C4配方(紫膠2.5%+蘇木2.5%+三仙膠1.5%+純水93.5%)之白髮水洗堅牢度較好。過敏測試方面,AM3配方產生20%極輕微之皮膚過敏現象,未來需調整配方,以達到無過敏配方之要求。C1、C4配方未有皮膚過敏之現象發生。如何讓白髮染出深色系的顏色,是未來可以深入研究的方向。
Natural hair dye is the future trend in hair color market. In this study, we compared different extraction methods to explore the extraction yield of natural color from the lac. Another purpose was to find the better formula for color and mordant dyeing by matching colors experiment and mordant dyeing experiment, and for the colorfastness to washing. Besides assessing efficacy of nature hair dye, finally, we colored white hair and performed skin allergy evaluation.
The experimental result revealed that the better extraction yield of lac was 0.25%with water by ultrasound-assisted extraction. We also found that ultrasonic degumming method had higher lac quantity percentage which was 3.401% ( the degumming solution is 95% ethanol, and then used ultrasound-assisted extraction method with solvent of water). In color formula examintaion, C4 formula had good presentation (lac 2.5%+Hematoxylin2.5%+Xanthan gum1.5%+pure water 93.5%). The better mordant dyeing formula was AM3(lac 2.5%+Hematoxylin 2.5%+Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 1%+Xanthan gum1.5%+pure water 92.5%). The better result of testing for colorfastness to washing was AM3 formula( lac 2.5%+Hematoxylin2.5%+Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 1%+Xanthan gum1.5%+pure water 92.5%). AM3 formula also had great color permeability for hair. Meanwhile, C4 formula had better hair color in dyeing result(lac 2.5%+Hematoxylin 2.5%+Xanthan gum1.5%+pure water93.5%)for elderly white-hair, and the result was yellow. The better colorfast effect after three times washing for white hair was provided by C4 formula(lac2.5%+Hematoxylin2.5%+Xanthan gum1.5%+pure water 93.5%). In allergy testing, AM3 formula developed slight skin allergy reaction in 20% subjects. This formula needs further adjustment in order to meet the requirement of allergy. In contrast, C1 and C4 formulas revealed no skin allergy. Future work should encompass how to cover white hair with darker color successfully by nature hair dye.
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