The purpose of design is to solve problems and allow for better quality of life. In today’s customer-oriented generation, designers must complete designs that meet customer demand within a shorter time. Various design approaches will be applied according to different procedures in the design process, and the follow-up design timeliness will be impacted if the selection and application of various design approaches cannot be accurately applied. Consequently, the purpose of the study is to develop a set of design approach which can commence a large amount of innovative concepts within a short period of time.
The study first appreciates that product function is the nature of product attributes through literature exploration, and appreciates the application of the existing functional design approach to establish the basic concept of the paper through the study base of product function. Subsequently, the study applies the product-functional-complex-bicycle as the exploration product of the study to seek out bicycle related studies, understand the basic bicycle forming classification, and redefine that the basic construction of a bicycle consisted of five systems.
The study collects conceptual bicycle design through the renowned online design magazine- YankoDesign, and classifies the collected conceptual design cases into standard design type, folding design type, innovative function design type and accessory design type. Since accessory design is only the creative design of additional functions, not a full body design, it is excluded in the following analysis. We process function analysis on the 3 major bicycle conceptual design cases- 36 standard design types, 27 folding design types, and 37 innovative function design types, and apply the basic five major systems of bicycle defined by the previous chapter as the structure to develop the functional attribute symbol system of bicycles. The system classification is established through a basic component system, accessory system, joint system and link system to complete the establishment of a functional system symbol, finally, the functional symbol system is applied as the tool to establish the design process and the practical application case.
As for the establishment of the design process, we apply an innovative function design type case as the process application sample. First, the design requirement of the design case is described, and when determined according to the requirements, the required functional symbol can be satisfied. The selection will be applied to the spatial permutation and combination change of the structure variation method in the next phase. After the permutation and combination change, find the matching functional symbol map which corresponds with the design to complete the design process establishment.