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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.stu.edu.tw:80/ir/handle/310903100/2989

Title: 大理石紋織物印染研究
The Study of Marble Dyeing on Fabric
Authors: 陳纓騏
Ying-Chi Chen
Contributors: 應用設計研究所
陳崇裕(Chon-Yu Chen)
Keywords: 大理石紋染;天然食品膠;印染;染色堅牢度
marbling dyeing, natural food gum, printing and dyeing, fastness of dyeing
Date: 2012
Issue Date: 2012-12-11 15:16:25 (UTC+8)
Publisher: 高雄市:[樹德科技大學應用設計研究所]
Abstract: Marbling dyeing is a manual submersed dyeing technique that can express unique strips. However, in this process, the effectiveness of the work is often affected by material ratio. Therefore, this study attempted to explore the dyeing gums, dyes and fabrics used in manual submersed dyeing. Natural food grade glue powder gums in concentrations of 0.5% guar gum, 0.2% corn sugar gum, 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose, and 0.5% sodium alginate were used. Dyes included: 1) acrylic pigments; 2) painted dyes; 3) submersed dyes for dropping before the printing and dyeing on pure cotton fabric and N/C fabric, respectively. This study developed the sample questionnaire for survey based on the printing and dyeing results. Printing and dyeing works produced by using different gums, colors and fabrics have different effects. A total of 12 samples depicted by combinations of gums and dyes were developed for questionnaire statistics. The results showed that in submersed printing and dyeing, using guar gum and carboxymethyl cellulose can best present the smooth stripes and lines. After the printing and dyeing, the acrylic pigments and submersed dyes can produce the best color performance. Finally, after comparing the color fastness of the samples, this study selected 7 combinations including A-1, B-1, C-1, D-1, A-3, B-3, and C-3. For printing and dyeing on two fabrics, 14 groups of samples were tested for color fastness.
According to the national testing standards for the color fastness test, this study tests the composition of two fabrics according to CNS 2339, and conducted washability test and light resistance test according to CNS 1494 and CNS 3845. The tests found that the pure cotton fabric printing and dyeing D-1 combination’s color fading reached grade 4-5. The dyeing stain of combinations of D-1, C-1, B-1, B-3, and C-3 reached grade 4-5. The light resistance fastness of combinations D-1, C-1, B-1, C-3 reached grade 4 and above. For N/C fabric, the color fading of printing and dyeing A-3, C-3 combinations reached grade 4-5. The dyeing stain of all 7 combinations reached grade4-5. The light resistance of combinations C-3, D-1, C-1, B-1, A-1 reached over grade 4. The above results confirmed that the application of natural gums and acrylic pigments in the printing and dyeing of fabric can improve the fastness of dyeing to grade 4 or above. These results can serve as a reference to the subsequent printing and dyeing technology development.
Appears in Collections:[應用設計研究所] 博碩士論文

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