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Survey of Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes toward Sex, Self-efficacy, and Behavioral Intention among Indigenous and Non-indigenous Junior High Students in Pingtung County
indigenous junior high school students, sexual knowledge, attitudes toward sex, self-efficacy, behavioral intention
|Issue Date: ||2012-03-22 14:45:08 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||本研究旨在瞭解屏東縣國民中學20所國民中學之原住民學生與非原住民學生的性知識、性態度、自我效能與行為意向現況，並探討兩者之差異與相關情形。本研究採問卷調查法，以自編問卷透過網路問答方式進行，經叢集取樣，有效樣本數1769份，問卷內容包括個人基本資料、性知識量表、性態度量表、自我效能量表與行為意向量表等，所得資料以SPSS 15版軟體進行進行統計分析。研究結果發現：
The objective of the survey was to compare the two groups of students in terms of their sexual knowledge, attitudes toward sex, self-efficacy, and behavioral intention. This study conducted an online questionnaire survey (using self-designed questionnaires) targeting both indigenous and non-indigenous students in 20 junior high schools in Pingtung County, Taiwan. Using cluster sampling, this study obtained 1,769 valid samples (recovered questionnaires). The resulting statistical data was analyzed using SPSS 15 software. The findings of this study are as follows:
1. A higher percentage of students in the indigenous group were involved in a romantic relationship, as compared to the non-indigenous students. However, fewer indigenous students had had sexual experiences, as compared to the non-indigenous students.
2. Overall, the students showed a lack of sexual knowledge (rate of correct answers: 55.5 %). Non-indigenous students achieved a higher rate of correct answers compared to indigenous students.
3. Students in general had a positive attitude toward sex; there was no significant difference between the two groups in this regard.
4. Students scored in the mid-upper range with regard to self-efficacy and behavioral intention. Respondents demonstrated a lack of self-confidence in the area of communication. Although there was no significant difference between the two groups with regard to self-efficacy, non-indigenous students scored higher in behavioral intention, as compared to indigenous students.
5. Among non-indigenous students, sexual knowledge was positively correlated with attitudes toward sex. This indicates that the more accurate and complete their sexual knowledge, the more positive their attitudes toward sex. Accurate sexual knowledge and positive attitudes toward sex could improve the self-efficacy and behavioral intentions of non-indigenous students.
6. Among non-indigenous students, self-efficacy and behavioral intention were significantly correlated. Higher self-efficacy implied greater likelihood of engaging in pre-marital sex and better problem-solving ability in relations between the sexes.
7. Indigenous students showed low to moderately positive correlations between sexual knowledge and self-efficacy/behavioral intention. This indicates that indigenous students, with more accurate or complete sexual knowledge, tend to communicate better and are more likely to engage in pre-marital sex or have better problem-solving ability in relations between the sexes.
8. Among indigenous students, attitudes toward sex were significantly correlated with self-efficacy. This indicates that more positive attitudes toward sex can enhance the self-efficacy of indigenous students, improving their behavior and communicative capacity.
Based on its main findings, this study proposes specific recommendations to serve as reference for researchers, educators, administrators, and policymakers.
|Appears in Collections:||[人類性學研究所] 博碩士論文|
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