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Development of a Sustainable Development Assessment System for Kaohsiung
sustainable development;DPSIR model;decoupling indicator
|Issue Date: ||2011-12-01 13:29:30 (UTC+8)|
With the growing awareness of environmental protection, environmental sustainability has become an important issue around the world, and almost all nations have incorporated sustainable development concepts into environmental assessment. However, due to regional economical and geographical differences, a universal assessment system of sustainable development is still unavailable. In the meantime, the United Nations suggests all regions to use the DPSIR (Driving Forces–Pressures– States–Impacts–Responses) model as a basis to develop sustainable environment assessment systems according to their economic conditions and geographical environment.
Kaohsiung City is the second largest municipality in Taiwan and the 12th largest cargo harbor in the world (as of 2009). Kaohsiung City government has set achieving a balance between economic growth and environmental sustainability as its goal to ultimately build the city into a green city. As the extant research of sustainable development of Kaohsiung City is rare, developing a sustainable development assessment system based on Kaohsiung’s regional characteristics is an important task in the monitoring and improvement of the environment in Kaohsiung.
Based on the DPSIR model, this study first evaluated both foreign and local sustainability assessment indicators to find indicators suitable for Kaohsiung City’s sustainable development model and then collected observed data of these indicators over the past 10 years. The relationships between dimensions of DPSIR were tested using partial least squares (PLS), and the decoupling indicator was used to estimate whether the environmental improvement is faster than economic development. The results not only revealed the current sustainable development of Kaohsiung City but also served as a reference for the government in the decision-making and improvement of Kaohsiung City’s sustainable development.
|Appears in Collections:||[經營管理研究所] 博碩士論文|
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