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A Study on Spatial Structure Transformation of Qianzhen Settlement Kaohsiung City
Qianzhen settlement, Harbor-City development, industrial development.
|Issue Date: ||2011-12-01 13:27:49 (UTC+8)|
Qianzhen locates in south-east of Kaohsiung City, adjacent to Taiwan Strait and Kaohsiung Harbor (an international trade harbor), which is a plane close to the sea and has flat topography and Qianzhen Stream (inletting from Fongshan Stream) flowing through to the Kaohsiung Harbor in the east. In Min-Zheng period, residents in this area, a traditional agricultural-fishing type of settlement, chiefly relied on the fruitful coastal resources and made living from fishery and agriculture. In 1863 (Tongzhi 2nd of Qing Dynasty), Da-Go Harbor (current Kaohsiung Harbor) was open to foreign sea traffic and trade. The springy trade affected Shao-Shuan-Tao and Yan-Cheng-Pu across the bank of Da-Go Harbor and formed the settlement, but as limited by its narrow hinterland it gradually expanded. Qianzhen, thanks to its being adjacent to Da-Go Harbor, developed from the agriculture-fishing social type to the industry-commerce type.
Until the age of Japanese Occupation, Taiwan Governor-General Office conducted an investigation on existing economic-trading resources and made an integral plan for requirement of colony domination and development of colony products. In order to coordinate the integral development, it started infrastructures such as “North-South Railway of Western Taiwan”, “Plan of Constructing Da-Go Harbor”, and “Plan of Urban Streets of Da-Go” successively. Under the explosive development of industry and commerce, the settlements in Shao-Shuan-Tao and Yan-Cheng-Pu became short of hinterland and so development of industry and commerce were limited. Under this situation, industrial center transferred to the south-east gradually and expanded to the settlement of Qianzhen. The requirement for industrial land grew even stronger, Qianzhen, separated by Kaohsiung Harbor in the west, had a geographic advantage to become an intersection of sea and inland traffic. Further more, its hinterland could be used for industrial development, so “Taiwan Iron Works” and “Taiwan Fertilizer Co.,Ltd” were founded here, which helped to establish foundation of industrial development for this settlement in Japanese Occupation period. After recovery of Taiwan, the National Government conducted economic developmental plan which inherited the embryo form of heavy industry built in Japanese Occupation period, “Kaohsiung Linhai Industrial Park” and “Kaohsiung Export Processing Zone” were built in Qianzhen settlement. With private and public enterprises concentrating in this area and prosperity induced by economic development, the topography of the settlement has transformed rapidly.
Under such circumstances, Qianzhen settlement has lost its original appearance in the process of spatial structure development. This study aims to collect maps and local historical accounts for past events as reference of analysis to present historical and spatial change during various stages of the subject area; for transformation of land scope, this study aims to investigate developmental context of various stages of the old Quianzhen settlement and use the transformation of spatial structure to analyze and figure out important nodes and factors for development of this area. According to the above, this study intends to account for development of this settlement and further construct developmental overview of the Qianzhen area during each historical period, and from the development of each stage figure out developmental context and evolutional history of the settlement space.
|Appears in Collections:||[建築與環境設計系] 博碩士論文|
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