學生：李娟娟 指導教授：林燕卿 博士
A Comparative Study of the Self-Esteem, Emotions, and Post-Traumatic Responses of Sexually Abused Women and Other Types of Abuse in Their Marriages
Student：Jiuan-Jiuan Lee Advisor：Dr. Yen-Chin Lin
Graduate School of Human Sexuality
The purpose of this study is to explore the conditions of marital sexual violence and other types of violence that female victims self-esteem, emotions and post-traumatic responses in southern Taiwan. a cross-sectional survey based on the structural questionnaire was carried out on purposive sampling. The subjects, 203 people in total, were the female victims of marital violence in the centers for domestic violence in each county and city of southern Taiwan. The victims were compared and studied according to their suffering at the hands of their husbands. The sample size was founded on the software G Power to proceed multivariate analysis, power analysis which was set at .80, α value at .05 and medium effect size at .5. The research data was analyzed through means of descriptive statistics, Chi-Square tests, T test, Pearson product-moment correlation, and multivariate analysis of variance.
The study showed that Female victims of marital violence, who were forced to have sex, added up to 53.7%. The background data of the female victims in these two groups achieved significant difference level, regardless of education level, racial group, number of children, source of income, frequency of suffering marital violence, health condition, and material use. The average self-esteem reached significant difference level.
However, depression and post-traumatic response do not reach significant difference. ""Self-esteem"" and ""depression"" of female victims show a high negative correlation. ""Self-esteem"" and ""depression"" demonstrate middle negative correlation while depression reveals high correlation level with ""post-traumatic response."" From diverse background data collected from female victims of marital sexual violence, it is shown that religion beliefs reach significant difference in post-traumatic response; occupations reach significant difference with both self-esteem and post-traumatic response; source of income reaches significant difference with self-esteem; health condition reveals significant difference in depression. The 71.56% female victims of marital sexual violence did not call for help when suffering from a variety of sexual violence. There are 35.8% of them suffered not only from sexual violence but also from physical violence; 58.7% encountered verbal threat. Their emotions are pain, frustration, helplessness, and anger. In response to sexual violence, those victims either avoid passively, obey, resist, or take actions.
This study concluded that marital sexual violence always leads to serious mental and physical impact. From this point of view, several concrete suggestions are offered in the perspective of prevention, practice, policy making and clinical study for the public; websites concerning prevention of marital violence, for the victimized female in the hope of bringing attention to marital sexual violence as well as safeguarding victims' human right to sexual self-determination and self-control over their physical well-being.
Key words: female victims in marital violence, marital sexual violence, physical violence, mental violence, self-esteem, depression, post-traumatic response.